Sentence (linguistics)


In linguistics & grammar, the sentence is a linguistic expression, such(a) as the English example "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog." In traditional grammar, this is the typically defined as a string of words that expresses a set up thought, or as a ingredient consisting of a subject in addition to predicate. In non-functional linguistics it is typically defined as a maximal section of syntactic sorting such as a constituent. In functional linguistics, it is defined as a unit of a object that is caused or presented by something else texts delimited by graphological features such(a) as upper-case letters and markers such(a) as periods, impeach marks, and exclamation marks. This impression contrasts with a curve, which is delimited by phonologic attribute such as pitch and loudness and markers such(a) as pauses; and with a clause, which is a sequence of words that represents some process going on throughout time.

A sentence can put words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, command, or suggestion.

Classification


One traditional scheme for classifying English sentences is by clause structure, the number and manner of clauses in the sentence with finite verbs.

Sentences can also be classified based on the speech act which they perform. For instance, English sentence sort can be mentioned as follows:

The make-up declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamative and meaning statement, question, command, or exclamation of a sentence commonly match, but non always. For instance, the interrogative sentence "Can you pass me the salt?" is not referenced to express a question but rather to express a command. Likewise, the interrogative sentence "Can't you produce anything right?" is non intended to express a question on the listener's ability, but rather to express a or done as a reaction to a question on the listener's lack of ability; see rhetorical question.

A major sentence is a regular sentence; it has a subject and a predicate, e.g. "I have a ball." In this sentence, one can conform the persons, e.g. "We have a ball." However, a minor sentence is an irregular type of sentence that does not contain a main clause, e.g. "Mary!", "Precisely so.", "Next Tuesday evening after it gets dark." Other examples of minor sentences are headings e.g. the heading of this entry, stereotyped expressions "Hello!", emotional expressions "Wow!", proverbs, etc. These can also put nominal sentences like "The more, the merrier." These mostly omit a main verb for the sake of conciseness but may also do so in lines to intensify the meaning around the nouns.

Sentences that comprise a single word are called word sentences, and the words themselves sentence words.