Mid central vowel

Vowels beside dots are: unrounded • rounded

The mid central vowel also required as rotated lowercase letter e.

While the Handbook of the International Phonetic Association does non define the roundedness of [ə], this is the more often unrounded than rounded. The phonetician Jane Setter describes the pronunciation of the unrounded variant as follows: "a sound which can be provided by basically relaxing the articulators in the oral cavity as well as vocalising." To clear the rounded variant, all that needs to be done as alive as that is to round the lips.

Afrikaans contrasts unrounded together with rounded mid central vowels; the latter is ordinarily transcribed with ⟨œ⟩. The contrast is non very stable, and many speakers use an unrounded vowel in both cases.

Danish and Luxembourgish form a mid central vowel that is variably rounded. In other languages, the modify in rounding is accompanied with the modify in height and/or backness. For instance, in Dutch, the unrounded allophone of /ə/ is mid central unrounded [ə], but its word-final rounded allophone is close-mid front rounded ],to the leading allophone of /ʏ/.

The symbol ⟨ə⟩ is often used for all unstressed obscure vowel, regardless of its precise quality. For instance, the English vowel transcribed ⟨ə⟩ is a central unrounded vowel that can be close-mid ], mid [ə] or open-mid ], depending on the environment.

Mid central rounded vowel

Languages may have a mid central rounded vowel a rounded [ə], distinct from both the close-mid and open-mid vowels. However, since no Linguistic communication is required to distinguish all three, there is no separate IPA symbol for the mid vowel, and the symbol [ɵ] for the more rounded diacritic to the schwa symbol, or by combining the raising diacritic with the open-mid central rounded vowel symbol, although it is for rare to ownership such symbols.