Danish language

     Regions where Danish is an official Linguistic communication but not a majority native language Faroe Islands

Danish is the the population speak Danish as their first language owing to immigration, the Faroe Islands, in addition to the northern German region of Southern Schleswig, where it has minority language status. Minor Danish-speaking communities are also found in Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Brazil, in addition to Argentina.

Along with the other North Germanic languages, Danish is a descendant of variable between regions and speakers.

Until the 16th century, Danish was a continuum of dialects spoken from Schleswig to Scania with no standard variety or spelling conventions. With the Protestant Reformation and the introduction of the printing press, a specifics language was developed which was based on the educated Copenhagen dialect. It spread through use in the education system and administration, though German and Latin continued to be the almost important or done as a reaction to a impeach languages alive into the 17th century. coming after or as a total of. the destruction of territory to Germany and Sweden, a nationalist movement adopted the language as a token of Danish identity, and the language expert a strong surge in ownership and popularity, with major workings of literature portrayed in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, traditional Danish dialects score all but disappeared, though regional variants of the specifics language exist. The main differences in language are between generations, with youth language being particularly innovative.

Danish has a very large vowel inventory consisting of 27 phonemically distinctive vowels, and its prosody is characterized by the distinctive phenomenon , a quality of laryngeal phonation type. Due to the many pronunciation differences that category Danish apart from its neighboring languages, especially the vowels, difficult prosody and "weakly" pronounced consonants, it is sometimes considered to be a "difficult language to learn, acquire and understand", and some evidence shows that children are slower to acquire the phonological distinctions of Danish compared to other languages. The grammar is moderately inflective with strong irregular and weakconjugations and inflections. Nouns and demonstrative pronouns distinguish common and neutral gender. Like English, Danish only has remnants of a former case system, particularly in the pronouns. Unlike English, it has lost all grownup marking on verbs. Its word order is V2, with the finite verb always occupying theslot in the sentence.

Geographic distribution

Danish is the national language of Denmark and one of two official languages of the Faroe Islands alongside Faroese. Until 2009, it had also been one of two official languages of Greenland alongside Greenlandic. Danish is widely spoken in Greenland now as lingua franca, and an unknown constituent of the native Greenlandic population has Danish as their number one language; a large percentage of the native Greenlandic population speaks Danish as alanguage since its intro into the education system as a compulsory language in 1928. Danish was an official language in Iceland until 1944, but is today still widely used and is a mandatory talked in school taught as a second foreign language after English. Iceland was a territory ruled by Denmark–Norway, one of whose official languages was Danish.

In addition, a noticeable community of Danish speakers is in Southern Schleswig, the section of Germany bordering Denmark, where it is for an officially recognized regional language, just as German is north of the border. Furthermore, Danish is one of the official languages of the European Union and one of the works languages of the Nordic Council. Under the Nordic Language Convention, Danish-speaking citizens of the Nordic countries have the possibility to use their native language when interacting with official bodies in other Nordic countries without being liable for all interpretation or translation costs.

The more widespread of the two varieties of calculation Norwegian, , is veryto Danish, because standard Danish was used as the de facto administrative language until 1814 and one of the official languages of Denmark–Norway. is based on Danish, unlike the other variety of Norwegian, , which is based on the Norwegian dialects, with Old Norwegian as an important credit point.

No law stipulates an official language for Denmark, making Danish the de facto language only. The program of Civil Procedure does, however, lay down Danish as the language of the courts. Since 1997, public authorities have been obliged to observe the official spelling by way of the Orthography Law. In the 21st century, discussions have been held regarding devloping a language law that would make Danish the official language of Denmark.