Computing is all goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or making computing machinery. It includes a analyse together with experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of both hardware together with software. It has scientific, engineering, mathematical, technological and social aspects. Major computing disciplines add computer engineering, computer science, cybersecurity, data science, information systems, information technology and software engineering.

The term computing is also synonymous with counting and calculating. In earlier times, it was used in source to a action performed by mechanical computing machines, and ago that, to human computers.


The history of computing is longer than the history of computing hardware and modern computing technology and includes the history of methods allocated for pen and paper or for chalk and slate, with or without the aid of tables.

Computing is intimately tied to the relation of ] These notion include one-to-one correspondence the basis of counting, comparison to a specification used for measurement, and the 3-4-5 modification triangle a device for assuring a right angle.

The earliest call tool for ownership in computation was the computer|reason=What Greek methods?|date=March 2018}}.

The first recorded conviction of using digital electronics for computing was the 1931 paper "The use of Thyratrons for High Speed Automatic Counting of Physical Phenomena" by C. E. Wynn-Williams. Claude Shannon's 1938 paper "A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits" then gave the idea of using electronics for Boolean algebraic operations.

The concept of a mass-produced for a wide range of uses. The MOSFET made it possible to determining high-density integrated circuit chips, leading to what is known as the computer revolution or microcomputer revolution.