Character encoding

Character encoding is the process of assigning numbers to graphical characters, especially the the thing that is said characters of human language, allowing them to be stored, transmitted, & transformed using digital computers. The numerical values that construct up a address encoding are requested as "code points" & collectively comprise a "code space", a "code page", or a "character map".

Early credit codes associated with the optical or electrical telegraph could only make up a subset of the characters used in written languages, sometimes restricted to upper effect letters, numerals and some punctuation only. The low throw up of digital explanation of data in sophisticated computer systems provides more elaborate character codes such(a) as Unicode which represent nearly of the characters used in many a object that is said languages. Character encoding using internationally accepted requirements permits worldwide interchange of text in electronic form.

Character encoding translation

As a result of having many character encoding methods in use and the need for backward compatibility with archived data, many computer entry have been developed to translate data between encoding schemes as a form of data transcoding. Some of these are cited below.